Don't know your chukkas from your handicaps? Here's all you need to know about the rules of polo. The Players. In the UK season, more often. Rules For Dating My Daughter Women's Polo Shirt ✓ Unlimited options to combine colours, sizes & styles ✓ Discover Polo Shirts by international designers now!. Shop Dating My Daughter Men's Polo Shirts from CafePress. Find Unique & Cool Polo Shirts with 10 Rules For Dating My Daughter Golf Shirt. $ $
The major differences between the outdoor and indoor games are: Forms of arena polo include beach poloplayed in many countries between teams of three riders on a sand surface,  and cowboy poloplayed almost exclusively in the western United States by teams of five riders on a dirt surface. Another modern variant is snow polo, which is played on compacted snow on flat ground or a frozen lake.
The format of snow polo varies depending on the space available. Each team generally consists of three players and a bright coloured light plastic ball is preferred.
The sport resembled ice hockey and bandy but died out entirely in favour of the Canadian ice hockey rules. A popular combination of the sports of polo and lacrosse is the game of polocrossewhich was developed in Australia in the late s. These sports are considered as separate sports because of the differences in the composition of teams, equipment, rules, game facilities etc.
Polo is not played exclusively on horseback. Such polo variants are mostly played for recreational or tourist purposes; they include canoe polocycle polocamel poloelephant pologolfcart poloSegway polo and yak polo.
In the early s in the United States, cars were used instead of horses in the sport of Auto polo. It uses parts of the polo rules but has its own specialities, as e. In the meantime it gained further interest in other German cities. Polo pony Polo ponies waiting for the game to begin The mounts used are called 'polo ponies', although the term pony is purely traditional and the mount is actually a full-sized horse. They range from The polo pony is selected carefully for quick bursts of speed, stamina, agility and manoeuvrability.
Temperament is critical; the horse must remain responsive under pressure and not become excited or difficult to control. Many are Thoroughbreds or Thoroughbred crosses. They are trained to be handled with one hand on the reinsand to respond to the rider's leg and weight cues for moving forward, turning and stopping.
A well trained horse will carry its rider smoothly and swiftly to the ball and can account for 60 to 75 percent of the player's skill and net worth to his team. Most horses reach full physical maturity at about age five, and ponies are at their peak of athleticism and training at around age 6 or 7.
Polo - Wikipedia
However, without any accidents, polo ponies may have the ability to play until they are 18 to 20 years of age. The Argentine Polo Breeders Association which is the organization that registers this Argentine Polo Pony breed has indicated that on average, this race has a height of 1. A player's "string" of polo ponies may number 2 or 3 in Low Goal matches with ponies being rested for at least a chukka before reuse4 or more for Medium Goal matches at least one per chukkaand even more for the highest levels of competition.
Players[ edit ] A girls' polo team, United States Each team consists of four mounted players, which can be mixed teams of both men and women.
Each position assigned to a player has certain responsibilities: Number One is the most offence-oriented position on the field. The Number One position generally covers the opposing team's Number Four.
Polo: the rules, do's and don'ts
Number Two has an important role in offence, either running through and scoring themselves, or passing to the Number One and getting in behind them. Defensively, they will cover the opposing team's Number Three, generally the other team's best player. Given the difficulty of this position, it is not uncommon for the best player on the team to play Number Two so long as another strong player is available to play Three. Number Three is the tactical leader and must be a long powerful hitter to feed balls to Number Two and Number One as well as maintaining a solid defence.
The best player on the team is usually the Number Three player, usually wielding the highest handicap. Number Four is the primary defence player. They can move anywhere on the field, but they usually try to prevent scoring. The emphasis on defence by the Number Four allows the Number Three to attempt more offensive plays, since they know that they will be covered if they lose the ball.
Polo must be played right-handed in order to prevent head-on collisions. Mandatory equipment includes a protective helmet with chinstrap worn at all times by all players and mounted grooms. A faceguard is commonly integral with a helmet. Polo boots and kneeguards are mandatory in the UK during official play, and boots are recommended for all play everywhere.
The UK also recommends goggles, elbow pads and gum shields. A shirt or jersey is required that distinguishes the player's team, and is not black and white stripes like an umpire shirt. White polo pants or trousers are worn during official play. Polo gloves are commonly worn to protect from working the reins and mallet. Not permitted is any equipment that may harm horses, like certain spurs or whips.
Historically they have been made of bambooleather covered corkhard rubber, and for many years willow root.
Polo: the rules, do's and don'ts
Originally the British used a white painted leather covered cricket ball. They are less prone to breakage and much cheaper.
It must be not less than The weight must be not less than grams 6. In a bounce test from 9 feet 2. This provides for a hard and lively ball. Mallet[ edit ] The polo mallet comprises a cane shaft with a rubber-wrapped grip, a webbed thong, called a sling, for wrapping around the thumb, and a wooden cigar-shaped head. The shaft is made of manau-cane not bamboo, which is hollow although a small number of mallets today are made from composite materials.
Composite materials are usually not preferred by top players because the shaft of composite mallets can't absorb vibrations as well as traditional cane mallets. The weight of the mallet head is of important consideration for the more seasoned players. Female players often use lighter mallets than male players. For some polo players, the length of the mallet depends on the size of the horse: However, some players prefer to use a single length of mallet regardless of the height of the horse.
Either way, playing horses of differing heights requires some adjustment by the rider. The ball is struck with the broad sides of the mallet head rather than its round and flat tips.
Saddle[ edit ] Polo saddle Polo saddles are English-style, close contact, similar to jumping saddles ; although most polo saddles lack a flap under the billets. Some players will not use a saddle blanket. The saddle has a flat seat and no knee support; the rider adopting a forward-leaning seat and closed knees dissimilar to a classical dressage seat.
A breastplate is added, usually attached to the front billet. A standing martingale must be used: The tie-down is usually supported by a neck strap. Many saddles also have an overgirth. The stirrup irons are heavier than most, and the stirrup leathers are wider and thicker, for added safety when the player stands in the stirrups. The legs of the pony are wrapped with polo wraps from below the knee to the fetlock to minimize pain.
Jumping open front or gallop boots are sometimes used along with the polo wraps for added protection. Often, these wraps match the team colours. The pony's mane is most often roached hoggedand its tail is docked or braided so that it will not snag the rider's mallet. Polo is ridden with double reins for greater accuracy of signals. The bit is frequently a gag bit or Pelham bit.
In both cases, the gag or shank rein will be the bottom rein in the rider's hands, while the snaffle rein will be the top rein. If a gag bit is used, there will be a drop noseband in addition to the cavesson, supporting the tie-down.❀ Ana Polo Rules: HIV in the House (Episode 007) ｡◕‿◕｡
One of the rein sets may alternately be draw reins. The Field[ edit ] Relative sizes of an association football ground and a polo field. The playing field is carefully maintained with closely mowed turf providing a safe, fast playing surface. In the final chukka play stops with the first stroke of the bell. Jeans and cowboy boots; or silk and linen for big occasions. What not to wear: Heels, Hunters or hotpants save it for Glasto, darling. When a player has established the right of way along that line, it may not be crossed by an opposing player if there is the slightest risk of collision.
Crossing - Any player who crosses the player in the right of way close enough to be dangerous or cause a player to slow up, commits a foul. Riding Off — is the act of pushing another player and his horse out of the way using your horse, and is permitted whether the other man is playing the ball or not. But it must not be done by charging in at a dangerous angle, nor must the man in possession of the ball be crossed.
The lowest handicap is -2, with 10 being the highest possible. No1 and No2 are the forwards; No3 is the pivot position and usually the best player in the team, and No4, or Back, the goal defender. UMPIRES There are two mounted umpires on the pitch and a third man or referee in the stands who acts as an arbitrator if the umpires disagree. The goal judges behind each goal wave a flag when a goal is scored. The time keeper and scorer keep track of the timings of the match and sound the bell or hooter at the end of each chukka.