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Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music, the music charts contain songs from a variety of sources, including classical, jazz, rock, and novelty songs.
Pop music, as a genre, is seen as existing and developing separately, pop music continuously evolves along with the terms definition. The term pop song was first recorded as being used inHatch and Millward indicate that many events in the history of recording in the s can be seen as the birth of the modern pop music industry, including in country, blues and hillbilly music.
The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that while pops earlier meaning meant concerts appealing to a wide audience. Since the late s, however, pop has had the meaning of non-classical mus, usually in the form of songs, performed by such artists as the Beatles. Grove Music Online also states that, in the early s pop music competed terminologically with beat music, while in the USA its coverage overlapped with that of rock and roll. From aboutthe term was used in opposition to the term rock music.
Whereas rock aspired to authenticity and an expansion of the possibilities of music, pop was more commercial, ephemeral. It is not driven by any significant ambition except profit and commercial reward, and, in musical terms, it is essentially conservative.
It is, provided from on high rather than being made from below, pop is not a do-it-yourself music but is professionally produced and packaged. The beat and the melodies tend to be simple, with limited harmonic accompaniment, the lyrics of modern pop songs typically focus on simple themes — often love and romantic relationships — although there are notable exceptions 8.
Zulia — Zulia State is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. As of the census, it has a population of 3, and it is also one of the few states in Venezuela in which voseo is widely used. Zulia State is in northwestern Venezuela, bordering Lake Maracaibo, the largest body of water of its kind in Latin America and its basin covers one of the largest oil and gas reserves in the Western Hemisphere.
The name Venezuela comes from the lake, when Spanish conquistadors sailed into the area, they found the indigenous peoples living in communities of huts supported by stilts along the shores of the lake. They were reminded of Venice and named the place Little Venice or Venezuela, the lake has a number of islands, some of which are populated.
Near the mouth of the Catatumbo River, where it empties into Lake Maracaibo, is the famous Catatumbo lightning which is represented on the states flag, there are several competing theories about the origin of the states name. One is that Guaimaral, son of the cacique Mara, was on pilgrimage in the Pamplona region, where he fell in love with the beautiful Zulia, but she was killed in a battle against the conquerors.
Gaimaral sadly returned to his fathers domains, naming rivers, towns and regions for his lost love there is historical proof. Alternatively, it had said that the state was named after the Zulia River, known in Colombia as Batatas. Another story says that both names, river and state, came from the princess Zulia, daughter of a famous cacique Cinera, Zulia was first seen by Europeans in during an expedition commanded by Alonso de Ojeda.
During the Gran Colombia period init received the name of Zulia Department, with the dissolution of Gran Colombia init was named Maracaibo Province and was one of the 11 provinces of Venezuela.
Venezuelas federal constitution, April 22, changed the denomination of province to state, at the end of the same year, the states legislation determined to change the name to the Sovereign State of Zulia, but that lasted only a few months.
Its autonomous state status continued until April 1, when congress legislated the separation of the Falcon-Zulia State and it suffered further territorial changes towards the end of the 19th century, until the current delimitation in was finally drawn 9. Editorial El Nacional, most widely known for its El Nacional newspaper and it has traditionally had a center-left ideology, but has recently moved to the center. In an advertising boycott in opposition to the papers leftist views nearly forced the paper into bankruptcy, historically, the newspaper received criticism by the governments under the AD and COPEI parties for it had tended to support the political beliefs of the moderate left and the middle class.
Official website Todays El Nacional front page at the Newseum website Vallenato — Vallenato, along with cumbia, is a popular folk music of Colombia. It primarily comes from the Colombias Caribbean region, Vallenato literally means born in the valley. Because they traveled from town to town and the region lacked rapid communications, the first form of Vallenato was played with gaita flutes, guacharaca, and caja, and later adopted other instruments like guitars.
Vallenato was considered music of the class and farmers. Don Clemente Quintero — a prominent member from the regions elite — was a lover of this music and he then decided to start a parranda inside the very strict Valledupar Social Club with friends. This triggered an acceptance for the music and it became a feature at parties, carnivals and reunions, not for dancing.
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It was used by the African slaves brought by the Europeans, the guacharaca, a wooden, ribbed stick similar to a sugar cane, accompanied by a fork that when rubbed together emits a scraping sound. Its about 18 inches long and 1 inch in diametre and it was used by the aborigines to imitate the song of the guacharaco, a bird from the region, to hunt and perform dancing rites.
These are son, paseo, merengue, and puya, the son and the paseo have a 24 time and the merengue and the puya a 68 time. Son is played with heavy accentuation and cadence stressed on the low notes of the accordion on its left-hand side, paseo is thought to be an offshoot of the son. Its speed can vary and today is the most widely recorded air, puyas main difference from the merengue is the length of its lyrics.
In the last 40 years, accordion players have begun to play it faster and it is considered the oldest of the four airs, with roots in an ancient Indian dance of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta MusicBrainz — MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database that is similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the placed on the Compact Disc Database.
MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become an open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their works, and the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, and these entries are maintained by volunteer editors who follow community written style guidelines.
Recorded works can also store information about the date and country. As of 26 JulyMusicBrainz contained information about roughly 1. As with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge for maintaining and reviewing the data, besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz also allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint.IVONNE DE OCANDO EN LA PARROQUIA COQUIVACOA MARACAIBO EDO ZULIA
A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this, inMusicBrainz started using Relatables patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching. This feature attracted many users and allowed the database to grow quickly, however, by TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
Since the future of the free service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought. The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague, Amsterdam is the countrys capital, while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government.
The port of Rotterdam is the worlds largest port outside East-Asia, the name Holland is used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. Netherlands literally means lower countries, influenced by its low land and flat geography, most of the areas below sea level are artificial. Since the late 16th century, large areas have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, with a population density of people per km2 — if water is excluded — the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a population and higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the worlds second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products and this is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate.
The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EUs criminal intelligence agency Europol and this has led to the city being dubbed the worlds legal capital. The country also ranks second highest in the worlds Press Freedom Index, the Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom.
It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in according to the International Monetary Fund, inthe United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the seventh-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands also ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Boven, Oben. The geographical location of the region, however, changed over time tremendously Spains capital and largest city is Madrid, other urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35, years ago, in the Middle Ages, the area was conquered by Germanic tribes and later by the Moors. Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a government under a constitutional monarchy.
It is a power and a major developed country with the worlds fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP. Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean the land where metals are forged, two 15th-century Spanish Jewish scholars, Don Isaac Abravanel and Solomon ibn Verga, gave an explanation now considered folkloric. Both men wrote in two different published works that the first Jews to reach Spain were brought by ship by Phiros who was confederate with the king of Babylon when he laid siege to Jerusalem.
This man was a Grecian by birth, but who had given a kingdom in Spain. Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c. After an arduous conquest, the peninsula came fully under Roman Rule, during the early Middle Ages it came under Germanic rule but later, much of it was conquered by Moorish invaders from North Africa.
In a process took centuries, the small Christian kingdoms in the north gradually regained control of the peninsula. The last Moorish kingdom fell in the same year Columbus reached the Americas, a global empire began which saw Spain become the strongest kingdom in Europe, the leading world power for a century and a half, and the largest overseas empire for three centuries.
Continued wars and other problems led to a diminished status. The Napoleonic invasions of Spain led to chaos, triggering independence movements that tore apart most of the empire, eventually democracy was peacefully restored in the form of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Spain joined the European Union, experiencing a renaissance and steady economic growth As the worlds fifth-largest country by area and population, it is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language.
Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to wildlife, a variety of ecological systems. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony untilwhen the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, inthe colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a state governed under a constitutional monarchy.
An authoritarian military junta came to power in and ruled untilBrazils current constitution, formulated indefines it as a democratic federal republic. The federation is composed of the union of the Federal District, the 26 states, Brazils economy is the worlds ninth-largest by nominal GDP and seventh-largest by GDP as of A member of the BRICS group, Brazil until had one of the worlds fastest growing economies, with its economic reforms giving the country new international recognition.
Brazils national development bank plays an important role for the economic growth. Brazil is a power in Latin America and a middle power in international affairs. One of the worlds major breadbaskets, Brazil has been the largest producer of coffee for the last years and it is likely that the word Brazil comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
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In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil commonly given the etymology red like an ember, formed from Latin brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a red dye, it was highly valued by the European cloth industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil.
The popular appellation eclipsed and eventually supplanted the official Portuguese name, early sailors sometimes also called it the Land of Parrots. In the Guarani language, a language of Paraguay, Brazil is called Pindorama Beauty pageant — The organizers of each pageant may determine the rules of the competition, including the age range of contestants.
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The rules may require the contestants to be unmarried, and be virtuous, amateur. It may also set the standards in which contestants will be judged. Beauty pageants are generally multi-tiered, with local competitions feeding into the larger competitions, for example, the international pageants have hundreds or thousands of local competitions.
Child beauty pageants mainly focus on beauty, gowns, sportswear modelling, talent, adult and teen pageants focus on makeup, hair and gowns, swimsuit modelling, and personal interviews. A winner of a beauty contest is called a beauty queen. The pejorative term often refers to losing candidates while its rankings are referred to as placements.
Possible awards include titles, tiaras or crowns, sashes, scepters, savings bonds, scholarships, however, adult and teen pageants have been moving more towards judging speaking, and many no longer contain swimsuit or talent sections. Some pageants award college scholarships, to the winner or multiple runners-up, european festivals dating to the medieval era provide the most direct lineage for beauty pageants.
For example, English May Day celebrations always involved the selection of a May Queen, in the United States, the May Day tradition of selecting a woman to serve as a symbol of bounty and community ideals continued, as young beautiful women participated in public celebrations. A beauty pageant was held during the Eglinton Tournament oforganized by Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, as part of a re-enactment of a medieval joust that was held in Scotland. Entrepreneur Phineas Taylor Barnum staged the first modern American pageant inBeauty contests became more popular in the s.
Inthe title of beauty queen was awarded to an year-old Creole contestant at a pageant in Spa, all participants had to supply a photograph and a short description of themselves to be eligible to enter and a final selection of 21 was judged by a formal panel.
Such events were not regarded as respectable, Beauty contests came to be considered more respectable with the first modern Miss America contest held in After winning a series of bloody battles, he founded the settlement on 8 September Ehinger named the settlement New Nuremberg German: The city was renamed Maracaibo after the Spanish took possession.
A second attempt by Captain Alonso Pacheco in suffered a brief setback when the city had to be evacuated in due to ferocious attacks by native local tribes. The European settlement returned a short while later, inhowever, for which it was re-founded by Captain Pedro Maldonado under Governor Diego de Mazariegos ' command and assuming the name of Nueva Zamora de Maracaibo. Since its definite foundation, the town began to develop as a whole. It is based on the western side of Lake Maracaibothe dominant feature of the oil-rich Maracaibo Basin.
Favoured by prevailing winds and a protected harbour, the city is located on the shores of the lake where the narrows, which eventually lead to the Gulf of Venezuelafirst become pronounced. Pirates' attacks The Dutch corsair Enrique de Gerard plundered Maracaibo inand in the city was attacked by the British pirate William Jackson. Inl'Olonnais with a fleet of eight ships and a crew of six hundred pirates sacked Maracaibo and Gibraltar.
En route, l'Olonnais crossed paths with a Spanish treasure ship, which he captured, along with its rich cargo of cacaogemstones and more thanpieces of eight. In MarchHenry Morgan sacked Maracaibo, which emptied when his fleet was first spied, and moved on to the Spanish settlement of Gibraltar on the inside of Lake Maracaibo in search of more treasure. A few weeks later, when he attempted to sail out of the lake, Morgan found an occupied fort blocking the inlet to the Caribbean, along with three Spanish ships.
These were the Magdalena, the San Luis, and the Soledad. He destroyed the Magdalena and burned the San Luis by sending a dummy ship full of gunpowder to explode near them, after which the crew of the Soledad surrendered. By faking a landward attack on the fort, thereby convincing the Spanish governor to shift his cannon, he eluded their guns and escaped.
Venezuelan independence Inthe province of Maracaibo did not join the First Republic of Venezuela and remained loyal to the Spanish crown. Maracaibo then held the seat of the Captaincy General of Venezuela.
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Inuprisings in favour of independence began to lead to warfare and hostility. Isolation period For about years, Maracaibo remained isolated and separated from the rest of the country. Transportation was only possible across the lake by ferry or other marine transport.