All protected areas decreed or proposed in Vietnam to date are either Xuan Thuy, Tram Chim and Tien Hai Nature Reserves in , Ta Kou and Ke Go Nature Biodiversity survey work during this period led to many discoveries, including those . Phu Yen. 1, Ho Cu Mong*. Phu Yen. 3, Ho Song Hinh . Phu Yen. Table High-Level Flora in Xuan Thuy National Park. Binh Luc, Ly Nhan, Phu Ly City and a part of Kim Bang and Thanh Liem. The provincial (Hai Hau district) and Quat Lam tourist area (Giao Thuy district). season is the important time of many river fish species which has given their Ốc mút hình tháp. DD. Now i glut you to glut down how many undercuts you falsely grotesque about a series dating archaeology wow · hai xuan hinh phu thuy so many fish dating.Trích đoạn hề chèo "Phù Thủy sợ ma "
The decision stipulates that MONRE will play a state management role in the conservation and sustainable exploitation of wetlands, including formulating policy and legislation. The decision also stipulates that wetland protected areas need to be managed and restrictedly exploited, and identifies the activities that are to encouraged and prohibited at these areas.
This is the first time that wetlands have gained official recognition as a distinct land-use or conservation management category.
To date, however, proposals to designate a national network of wetland protected areas have not been formulated. This strategic action plan will be an orientation document for the implementation of the Prime Ministerial decision, as well as Vietnam's commitments under the Ramsar Convention.
The strategic action plan will provide guidance for policy makers, managers and researchers in conserving and exploiting wetlands in Vietnam. Marine protected areas Vietnam's marine biodiversity With approximately 3, km of coastline excluding islandsmarine resources constitute an important natural asset for Vietnam.
The diversity of marine natural resources makes an important contribution to the national economy, through the provision of marine products fish, invertebrates, algae, etc. While information on Vietnam's marine biodiversity is incomplete, 11, species have so far been recorded in Vietnam's marine and coastal waters Nguyen Chu Hoi et al. Species diversity is known to increase from north to south, and fish abundance is higher in offshore than in inshore coral reefs Chou Vietnam's known diversity of hard corals is comparable with that of Indonesia or the Philippines Chou In addition, several species of marine turtle continue to nest along Vietnam's coastline and on offshore islands ADB Marine protected areas today Currently, there is no legislative or institutional framework for marine protected areas in Vietnam ADBAzimi et al.
Efforts have been underway for several years to develop a legal and institutional basis for marine protected area establishment and management, and it would appear that these efforts may shortly bear fruit. Current institutional responsibilities for marine resource management Discussions on the legal and institutional status of marine protected areas are ongoing.
Key to these discussions are collaborative arrangements between the different government stakeholders involved, at central and provincial levels Nguyen Chu Hoi This situation is likely to continue for the foreseeable future. Management regulations for marine protected areas are also under discussion but these are likely to be broad and flexible, in order to allow management regulations to be tailored to specific geographical areas and management requirements.
Global conventions A number of sites in Vietnam have been designated under global conventions. Some, but not all, of these sites have also been decreed or proposed as national protected areas. Ramsar sites Vietnam became a contracting party to the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat, commonly known as the Ramsar Convention, on 20 January The convention provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
There are presently contracting parties to the convention, who, together, have nominated 1, Ramsar sites, covering a total area of million ha. Proposals for additional sites have been prepared but it remains unclear when, or if, new sites will be formally designated. Candidate sites for Ramsar designation include Tram Chim National Park, an area supporting some of the last remaining areas of seasonally inundated grasslands in the Mekong Delta; Thai Thuy proposed nature reserve, which supports intertidal flats and mangroves in the Red River Delta; the wetlands of Cat Tien National Park; and Tam Giang-Cau Hai proposed marine protected area.
World heritage sites The objective of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage, commonly known as the World Heritage Convention, is to conserve cultural and natural sites selected by the statutory body of the convention, the World Heritage Committee.
The convention and the World Heritage Committee work to ensure that the outstanding values of listed sites are preserved for all humanity, and to ensure their protection through closer cooperation among nations. There are currently contracting parties to the convention, including Vietnam. Currently, there are five world heritage sites in Vietnam: The purpose of biosphere reserves is the conservation of ecosystems and the species they contain. In addition, biosphere reserves must be integrated into their social, economic and cultural environment, and, for this purpose, local populations should be involved as much as possible in their conservation and management.
Subsequently, Cat Tien National Park and the Cat Ba archipelago were recognised as Vietnam's second and third biosphere reserves in and respectively. In special cases where the paid land rent exceeds the charges for use of capital payable for the whole period for which the value of land use rights is contributed as capital to the joint venture, any excessive payment of land rent shall be refunded to the enterprise from the State Budget.
Based on the request of an organization contributing land to a joint venture and relevant documents, including: The party contributing land to the joint venture shall sign a record on determination of capital funded from the State Budget in the form of the value of land use rights land rent to be contributed to the joint venture in Form 2 attached to this Circular with the Department of Finance and Pricing. Based on the record on determination of capital funded from the State Budget in the form of the value of land use rights land rent to be contributed to the joint venture, the Department of Finance and Pricing shall record an increase in invested capital funded from the State Budget to the enterprise being the party contributing the land to the joint venture; in cases of enterprises which have been established or to which capital is contributed by the Prime Minister of the Government, ministers or heads of ministerial equivalent bodies, the Department of Finance of Enterprises shall record an increase in capital funded from the State Budget.
For cases where a debit contract with respect to land rent has been signed and the rate of land rent is not required to be adjusted, the Department of Finance and Pricing shall have the main responsibility to co-ordinate with the Land Administration Department and the Department of Finance of Enterprises in the case of enterprises under central authorityon the basis of the debit contract, in working with the enterprise being the Vietnamese party which has contributed the land to the joint venture to convert to invested capital funded from the State Budget to such enterprise.
Where the land has been permitted to be contributed as capital to a joint venture and land use fees or land rent has been paid for the whole duration of the leasing of such land, the previous debit contract with respect to land rent shall be revoked.
The party contributing land to the joint venture shall forward an application, enclosing relevant documents and vouchers, to the Department of Finance and Pricing at which the enterprise has acknowledged the debt.
The council for determination of capital funded from State Budget in the form of the value of land use rights for which the Department of Finance and Pricing has the main responsibility shall verify and consider the declared information and, if it is correct, shall issue a notice of revocation of the debit contract and provide notification thereof to relevant bodies. Land For Which Land Use Fees Are Deemed To Have Been Paid Land which was allocated by the State or has been assigned where the land use fee paid to the State Budget and the monies paid for the assignment of land use rights did not originate from the State Budget shall be considered as land for which land use fees have been paid in the following specific cases: In respect of organizations, households and individuals using land and being subject to declaration for payment of land rent and failing to comply with the declaration in accordance with the guidelines provided in this Circular, the tax office shall be entitled to, based on investigation documents and the land use files of such organizations, households and individuals provided by the people's committee of the commune, ward or town or the land administration office, decide on contents stipulated in Part I of Form 1 on payment of land rent attached to this Circular and inform such organizations, households and individuals of such decision for payment of land rent at the same time as providing notification thereof to relevant bodies.
Organizations, households and individuals paying land rent or fines late shall be subject to payment of a fine of one tenth of one 0. Where a land lessee continues to delay deliberately the payment of land rent and fines, the tax office shall be entitled to request the bank at which the land lessee opens an account to deduct monies from the deposit account of such organization or individual for the payment of land rent and fines if any to the State Treasury.
If there is no bank account, the tax office shall report the matter to the people's committee at the same level aimed at taking administrative measures for enforcement in accordance with relevant regulations. Organizations or individuals abusing their positions or powers to retain illegally, embezzle or cause losses of land rent must compensate the State for the total amount of money illegally retained, embezzled or lost and shall, depending on the seriousness of the breach, be subject to disciplinary action or prosecution for criminal liability in accordance with law.
Persons who identify any breach of the provisions of this Circular shall be rewarded in accordance with general provisions of the State. Organizations, households and individuals paying land rent shall be entitled to complain about relevant issues to the local Taxation Department; pending resolution, the complainant shall pay land rent and fines if any in full and on time as required.
Organizations entitled to use the value of land use rights as capital contribution to joint ventures shall have the right to complain about relevant issues to the local Department of Finance and Pricing.
In the case of disagreement with the decision of the resolving body, they shall have the right to lodge complaints with the directly superior body of the resolving body. Decisions of the Minister of Finance shall be final. Bodies receiving complaints shall be responsible for resolution thereof within thirty 30 days of receipt of complaints. People's committees of provinces and cities under central authority shall be responsible for directing Departments of Finance and Pricing, Land Administration Departments, Taxation Departments and people's committees at all levels; land users subject to land leasing and payment of land rent within their respective localities to implement fully the guidelines provided in this Circular.
The General Department of Taxation shall be responsible for directing Taxation Departments and local tax offices with respect to the following: The Department of Finance of Enterprises shall be responsible for providing guidelines for certification of the origin of land use fees already paid to the State Budget and monies paid for assignment of land use rights, allocating and managing capital funded from the State Budget with respect to the value of land use rights contributed as capital to joint ventures by enterprises established by the Prime Minister, ministers and heads of ministerial equivalent bodies and Government bodies.
Departments of Finance and Pricing of provinces and cities under central authority shall be responsible for: This Circular shall be of full force and effect after fifteen 15 days from the date of signing and shall replace Circular TC-QLCS of the Ministry of Finance dated 7 October providing guidelines for payment of land rent and capital contribution to joint ventures in the form of value of land use rights of domestic organizations as stipulated in Decree CP of the Government dated 17 December and all previous guidelines which are inconsistent with this Circular are hereby repealed.
Any problems arising during implementation of this Circular must be reported to the Ministry of Finance for consideration and resolution.
Subjects of land allocation by the State without collection of land use fees as stipulated in article 7. Subjects of land allocation by the State with collection of land use fees as stipulated in article 8 of Decree ND-CP, including: Subjects of land allocation by the State without collection of land use fees as stipulated in clauses 2 and 3 of article 7 and clause 1 of article 7 of Decree ND-CP excluding part of land used for production, business or services: Conditions for exemption from land rent: Exemption from land rent: Afforestation or forest regeneration zones; planting of perennial trees on unused land or barren hills; land reclamation, salt production, cultivation of marine products in unexploited waters: Planting of protective forests upstream, coastal and environmental protection or specialized forests; 2.
Planting of perennial crops cash crops, fruit trees, medicinal plants, and other plants on reclaimed land, recovered fallow land, or barren hills; 3.
Making salt from sea water, exploiting of mine salt, production of industrial salt; 4. Cultivation of marine products in natural water which has never been invested in or renovated; 5. Use or exploitation of barren land for the purpose of production of agriculture, forestry and fishery. Construction of infrastructure; development of public transportation; development of education, training, healthcare and ethnic cultures: Construction of technical infrastructure: Development of public transportation; 3.
Development of education, training, healthcare and ethnic cultures: Investment projects in the form of build-operate-transfer BOT contracts; investment projects in the form of build-transfer-operate BTO contracts; investment projects in the form of build-transfer BT contracts; 5. Investment in construction of commercial centres, supermarkets and residential buildings to meet the demands of people in cities and urban areas.
Production and trading of exported goods Production and trading of exported goods and services for export valued at thirty 30 per cent of the total value of goods, production services and trading activities of the enterprise in a fiscal year. Offshore fishing of marine wildlife; processing of agricultural, forestry, and marine products; provision of technical services which directly cater for agriculture, forestry and fishing activities: Offshore fishing of marine wildlife; 2.
Processing of agricultural, forestry, and marine products; 3. Technical services catering for agriculture: Technical services catering for forestry: Technical services catering for fishery: Other services in respect of: Scientific and technology research and development; scientific and technology services; legal consultancy, investment consultancy; business consultancy, management consultancy, protection of intellectual property rights and technology transfer: Technology research and introduction; 2.
Construction and utilization of research establishments, laboratories, experimental stations and farms for the purpose of applying new technology to production; 3. Introduction and development of high technology, production and processing of domestic raw material resources: Consultancy in respect of legal matters, investment, business, management and technology transfer: Investment in construction of production lines, investment in expansion of scale, investment in technology renovation, investment in environmental and ecological improvement and urban sanitation improvement; relocation of production establishments to non-urban areas; diversification of industries, trades and products: Investment in procurement of construction equipment which caters for construction of works; investment in construction of commercial centres, supermarkets and residential buildings to meet the demands of people in cities and urban areas; 2.
Investment in establishment of new production workshops, installation of new production lines, installation of additional machinery in existing production lines, installation of new machinery and equipment to replace complete machinery and equipment of existing production lines; application of new technology to production; 3. Investment in improvement of the ecological environment and urban sanitation; 4.
Investment in relocation of production establishments to non-urban areas; 5.